European Union


The fragility of EU border and migration politics

Border crises are reinforcing rather than breaking a pan-EU governmental consensus on border security, according to the Migration Policy Centre’s James Dennison and Andrew Geddes. In this post they point out the many new political problems which this focus on border protection creates.

Sanctions and the rise of a geopolitical EU

The EU’s capacity to coalesce into a single geopolitical actor is limited on many fronts. However, as Jan Lepeu explains, sanctions have become an effective foreign policy instrument which, beyond serving explicit objectives, also contribute to the European Union’s international standing.

Buy now, pay later: the role of EU regulation in shaping the ‘new normal’

E-commerce has flourished in the pandemic, and the rising star of online shopping is ‘buy now, pay later’. While service providers now lead in shaping consumer behaviour, Law researcher Nikita Divissenko suggests the EU might play a more proactive role in these innovating markets.